According to statistics, about 13 million people in the world die every year due to parasites that live in the body. This is due to the fact that this pathological process is difficult to diagnose, and it leads to serious complications. You can take tests for the presence of parasites in the body in a specialized clinic.
Why are parasites dangerous?
Parasites absorb microelements and vitamins that are important for the development and normal functioning of the body. The first sign of parasitic invasion is beriberi, insufficient concentration of trace elements, which affects the condition of the skin, hair and nails, as well as the digestive system. The immune status worsens and anemia is diagnosed.
Often parasites such as roundworm, bovine tapeworm, echinococcus, trichinella enter the body. Ascaris, accumulating in large numbers in the intestines, can lead to serious problems with the stool, causing intestinal obstruction. Bull tapeworm absorbs trace elements important for the body, which leads to serious problems with the digestive tract. Echinococcus contributes to the formation of cysts. They are easily opened, especially during an injury, and lead to anaphylactic shock or rupture of the organ in which the pathological focus is located. If a cyst occurs in the structures of the brain, then doctors often establish a concomitant diagnosis for the patient: epilepsy or another mental illness. Trichinella, laying its eggs on muscle fibers, leads to their deformation and the development of muscle weakness.
Tests for the presence of parasites
To protect yourself from parasites, you need to consult a doctor in a timely manner for an examination so that he can prescribe the necessary tests. And if parasites are still diagnosed, you need to immediately begin a course of treatment.
The first analysis that is prescribed is an enzyme immunoassay. This study shows not only the presence of parasites in the body, but also the dynamics of the healing process. Most often, such a test is prescribed for suspected presence of echinococcus in the tissues.
Other methods to help detect parasites are:
- general blood analysis;
- analysis of feces;
- smear from the rectum on the eggs of worms.
Parents of small children should suspect the presence of worms in a child if he is constantly naughty and tries to scratch his anus. In this case, it is necessary to undergo an appropriate examination.
You can also diagnose a parasitic infection by going through:
- serological examination of blood serum,
- polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on biological material: blood, serum or blood plasma, urine;
- hemoscanning of blood taken from a finger.
Before being tested for parasitic infestation, you should consult with your doctor. It is he, based on the patient's complaints and symptoms, who prescribes the necessary examination and confirms or refutes his suspicions.